lunedì 5 febbraio 2018
Erdogan's visit to Italy
The Turkish president Erdogan makes a visit to the Vatican after fifty-nine years of absence, the journey continues with the meeting with the president of the Italian Republic and the head of government. On the real need to receive a head of state who has turned his country into a kind of dictatorship, based on the cult of his personality, through the denial of any dissent and the reduction of rights for the Turkish population, there are great doubts from more set off. If for the visit to the Vatican one can have plausible explanations, for the reception of Italian institutions do not see reasonable reasons to allow Erdogan an international visibility. An explicit request by Erdogan is the cause of the visit to the Vatican, where the Turkish intention is to speak mainly about the question of Israeli capital Jerusalem, after the US has expressed its willingness to move its embassy. The position of the Holy See is clear in this regard, and the hope of Turkish support on this issue, which may also occur, will certainly not compensate for the grievances that the Pope will make in private for the internal situation of the country and for the Kurdish repression. Of course, the Vatican will use the meeting to have the highest reassurance on the security of Turkish Christians and this makes it more understandable that the Pope did not refuse the meeting. But for Italy there do not seem to be similar motivations other than economic ones. Rome has always supported, eventually denied by the facts, the Turkish candidacy for entry into Europe, even when, for example, Paris opposed. The Italian attitude did not seem sufficiently determined against a political leader who transformed his country from a layman into a confessional, with all the implications that entails wanting to make the Islamic religious factor predominant in a civil and political society. Rome continued a sort of soft line even after the repression following the coup, whose true nature was never understood, limiting itself to formal condemnations and also against the repression carried out against the Kurds, no particular grievances were felt . It seems significant that Erdogan's is the first visit abroad after the bombings against the Kurdish militias present in the Syrian territory, which have also made several victims among the civilians. This list says that there would be enough to isolate a very dangerous character for world stability, whose ambition threatens to create a dictatorship modeled on the fascist model on the borders of Europe. In his extreme politics Erdogan always needs international recognition, both for his internal and foreign side and the fact that he is received after breaking international law could become a fact that Turkey will be able to exploit for its own benefit. The Italian government will certainly have thought about how to increase the great economic exchange between the two countries, which reaches almost eighteen billion dollars, but in a more general framework, the one concerning international politics, even within the European dynamics, it is impossible that this visit is not perceived as an advantage granted to the Turkish president. Probably in this situation it would have been more desirable to have a more detached attitude with a head of state who has directed his country towards a considerable compression of those rights, which the Italian state and the European Union have always been bearers of. To give a hearing to Erdogan contradicts all the values on which the Italian Republic and Europe are founded, and this is a serious fact that denounces the need for coordination of the international policy guidelines, which must necessarily come from Brussels. On the other hand, one can not hope that this visit will change the direction taken by Erdogan, who, on the contrary, uses Italy for its purposes of international visibility, making Rome a bad figure.