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mercoledì 6 giugno 2018

In Europe, Italy is isolated on the issue of immigration

The issue of emigration in Europe is coming back on top of the news, after the establishment of the new government in Italy, the victory in Slovenia of a skeptical party to Europe and the increasingly firm opposition of the countries of the Visegrad pact to collaborate on the division of migrants. The scenario has not changed, despite the agreement with Turkey, which has effectively blocked the eastern route to enter the countries of the Union. On the one hand there are the countries penalized by the Dublin agreement, ie all the countries bordering the Mediterranean with Italy, Spain and Greece, all of whom are suffering the discomforts of the migratory waves. On the other side are the countries of northern Europe, which believe they have already played an important role in welcoming, especially in the periods before the emergencies, finally there are the countries of the former Soviet bloc and Austria, who refuse to accept the criteria of mutual assistance between the European states and, therefore, close the borders to immigration. In Italy one of the reasons that has contributed to the victory of populist parties was precisely the perception of abandonment in which the country was left by the European institutions and other member countries in the face of a migration emergency that has lasted too long and which, with summer, it could again take on enormous proportions. The position of the new Italian interior minister, the leader of the Northern League, a nationalist and strongly critical formation with Europe, is to reject the asylum system that exists in Europe, but which is of Italian responsibility. The intentions of the Minister of the Interior of Rome are to resort to a general expulsion for all illegal immigrants, a declaration that reveals, if any were needed, all the aversion against the desperate who due to war and famine arrive in Europe across the Italian border. The purpose of Minister Salvini, however, appears difficult to implement for obvious organizational difficulties, but is likely to be more dangerous from the political point of view because it creates the lack of a protagonist such as Italy, which has so far been alongside the nations like Germany and France, although with very different views on the application of reception. On the contrary, the new Italian government seems to align more on the position of the critical countries towards the reception of refugees, even if the refusal to share the shares opposed by the countries of the Visegrad pact should frame these nations as adversaries of the Italian country. What is emerging is a scenario where Italy risks dangerous isolation, because it moves away from the most important countries of the Union but can not even get closer to the eastern ones because they are the ones that forced it to bear even their migrants' shares. Of course, if we were to correct the Dublin Treaty, it would be a first step, but there are recent examples of countries that have broken the Schengen Treaty, on free movement, for the most different reasons, which would make the revision of the Treaty vain. After the economic question, Europe highlights all the weakness of a non-existent, too inclusive political structure, that is, with members who do not share the founding ideals of the Union; this aspect demonstrates how the absence of own and autonomous political structures renders the Union incapable of adopting decisions necessary for the management of emergencies, a factor that is reflected in the perception on the part of the citizens of the European peoples. The Italians are not against Europe, but the election result is also the product of a hostile attitude of the European institutions, too rigid on financial constraints and too permissive with the countries that refuse to fulfill the obligations deriving from the accession to Brussels . Having put Italy against Europe is damaging to the Italians, but it is also damaging to those countries that say they aspire to an effective political union, which until now has been perceived only in favor of richer countries or dark consortiums financial. If Europe wants to recover Italy, even with this government, it must prove to decide something in favor of Rome, and, above all, to assume a unequivocal attitude towards compliance with the obligations it wants to impose: otherwise it is only an institution disqualified from their behavior.

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